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Which EV is right for Me?

With more than 40 electric vehicles to choose from, there is an EV for every lifestyle and budget. To help select the right EV for you, EV guides are available from: 

Plug In America
www.pluginamerica.org
Electric Car Insider - Buyer’s Guide & App

www.electric-car-insider.com
Sierra Club - EV Guide
www.sierraclub.org/evguide

BEV - Battery Electric Vehicle (commonly referred to as just EV). BEVs are all electric and run exclusively on a battery. 

PHEV
 - Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle

PHEVs run on batteries for a short period of travel and then switch to gasoline. All of these vehicles have plugs.

How far can I drive?

PHEVs have a range dependent on gas tank size and electric miles. BEVs have ranges of 70 – to over 300 miles, dependent on battery size. Efficiency depends on the vehicle and your personal driving habits.

Charging
It may sound complicated, but it's actually easy and much like charging your mobile phone.

How?
All EVs come with a 120-volt charger that can be plugged into a standard household outlet. Faster charging can be achieved at home by using a 240-volt outlet (similar to an electric dryer outlet). Even faster public quick charging and DC fast charging stations are available in many convenient locations and more are being added locally, and around the world, everyday.

Where?
90% of EV drivers charge at home (typically at night) avoiding the weekly trip to a gas station which is required with a gas vehicle. In addition, there are charging stations at work places, schools as well as over 1200 public charging stations in the San Diego area and more are being installed everyday. Some are even free to charge! Your on-board GPS system in your EV can direct you, or you can find a public station through the app www.plugshare.com. If you buy a Tesla, you can use Tesla's supercharger stations which are conveniently located across the country and around the world. Tesla US Superchargers.

How Long?
120 Volt ~ 5 miles of range per hour
240 Volt ~ 10-45 (or more) miles of range per hour 
DC fast Charging or Tesla Superchargers ~ 80% charge in 30 minutes 

Electric costs - compared to gas?
For example, in San Diego, SDG&E offers lower electric rates from midnight to 5 am called “time of use rates” (TOU). These lower rates make EV energy costs at least ½ the cost of gas. For example, if you drove a Nissan Leaf 15,000 miles a year, your monthly energy cost (charging from home) would be approximately $53. If you drove a gas car (28 miles/gallon, $2.40/gallon) 15,000 miles, the cost would be approximately $108.  The average Californian saves over $600 a year by driving electric. Imagine the energy cost savings over the life of the vehicle.

Maintenance costs - EVs compared to gas?
EVs have additional cost savings compared to gas vehicles because an EV has far fewer moving parts. EVs never need oil changes, engine spark plug tune-ups, timing and serpentine belt replacements, oil and engine air filter replacements, oxygen sensor replacements, etc, etc, etc. Also, EVs wear break pads less because an EV can use the electric motor to slow the car down for most of the breaking process. This type of breaking even adds electricity back into the battery as the car slows. This is called regenerative breaking and it captures much of the energy that would have been lost to friction and heat.

EVs are better, safer, faster . . .
Cheaper to own and operate . . .
Simply, a better technology.



Electric Auto Association
www.ElectricAuto.org

Educating and Advocating for EVs since 1969